Insulin acts in a healthy person as the means to admit glucose into the cells (fuel). As glucose continues to enter an individual’s body, the pancreas continues to release insulin, transforming sugar to glycogen and stored in the liver and muscles. Once this is completed, excess glucose remaining in the bloodstream is converted to and stored as fat. Later if blood sugar drops again, the pancreas instructs the liver and muscles to begin converting glycogen to glucose. This cycle is perfect for maintaining healthy glucose levels
Prediabetes is a ‘pre-diagnosis’ of diabetes – you can think of it as a warning sign. It’s when an individual’s blood glucose level (sugar level) is higher than normal, but not high enough to be considered diabetic.
Diabetes develops when the body doesn’t make enough insulin or is not able to use insulin effectively, or both. As a result, glucose builds up in the blood instead of being absorbed by the cells in the body. The body cells are then starved for energy, despite high blood glucose levels.