Diabetes – Type 2

Diabetes – Type 2

A person diagnosed with type 2 diabetes has a strong resistance to insulin, which means their body doesn’t react the way it should to insulin or their pancreas doesn’t produce enough of it. Insulin is very important for the body as it manages glucose, or sugar levels in the blood and converts it into energy for the body to perform its functions.

Risk factors for type 2 diabetes include being over 40, having a family history of diabetes, being of South Asian, African-Caribbean or Middle Eastern origin or being overweight or obese. Type 2 diabetes can also cause very serious complications for your health and therefore, it’s important to know exactly how to spot the disease.

One of the problems associated with the build-up of glucose in the bloodstream due to the body’s inability to produce it is dehydration. The storage of sugar in the blood leads to excess glucose in urine because the kidneys are unable to deal with high sugar levels. The sugar in the urine draws water with it, causing increased urination which would ultimately lead to severe dehydration. A more serious effect of type 2 diabetes is diabetic coma which can be life-threatening due to the body’s inability to make up for the water loss from increased urination.

The symptoms of type 2 diabetes due to high blood sugar may include:

1. Increased thirst
2. Increased hunger (especially after eating)
3. Dry mouth
4. Frequent urination
5. Unexplained weight loss (even though you are eating and feel hungry)
6. Fatigue
7. Headaches

It’s important to seek professional medical advice and to start a treatment plan early to prevent serious diabetic complications if you have any type 2 diabetes symptoms or if you have further questions about type 2 diabetes.Talk to your doctor about preventative measures you can take now to reduce the chance of type 2 diabetes and heart disease.

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